The Nigerian Centre for Illness Management has launched a public well being advisory on Cerebrospinal Meningitis as excessive temperatures and low humidity, related to the dry season, improve the chance of transmission of organisms inflicting Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) in Nigeria.
It affords 5 vital tricks to stop the unfold with the illness. During the last one month, there was a rise within the reporting of suspected circumstances of CSM in Katsina, Zamfara, Jigawa, Yobe, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Sokoto, Kano, Bayelsa and Ondo with confirmed circumstances of Neisseria Meningitis Kind C (Nmc) reported in Zamfara and Jigawa States.
The NCDC and companions have commenced preparedness actions, by means of the nationwide CSM Technical Working Group (TWG). The TWG has accomplished a threat evaluation train for prioritisation, and issued letters of alert to states to make sure enough preparedness this season. NCDC is issuing this public well being advisory word to members of the general public to concentrate on the danger and take acceptable precautions.
Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) is an acute irritation of the membranes masking the mind and the spinal wire. It’s a very critical an infection that may result in demise if left untreated. CSM stays a significant public well being problem, affecting international locations within the African meningitis belt, together with 25 States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in Nigeria.
Giant outbreaks of CSM often happen throughout the dry season (i.e. November by means of Might). The illness is contagious and may be transmitted by means of tiny droplets of respiratory secretions from an contaminated particular person, throughout shut contact similar to coughing or sneezing. The illness is extra frequent amongst individuals aged lower than 15 years and deaths are greater amongst untreated circumstances.
Indicators and signs embody sudden excessive fever, extreme headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to gentle, issue concentrating, and convulsions. The key threat elements for an infection embody overcrowding and poor air flow. Throughout outbreaks, reactive vaccination campaigns can be utilized to forestall the unfold of the illness.
To forestall the unfold of CSM, NCDC affords 5 vital tricks to members of the general public:
Keep away from overcrowding and guarantee enough air flow within the homeCover your nostril and mouth with a disposable tissue or by blowing into the elbow when sneezing or coughing.Wash your palms regularly particularly after coughing or sneezing.Go to a well being facility when you have sudden excessive fever or neck stiffness for analysis and treatmentAll well being staff are suggested to follow common care precautions always: i.e. carrying gloves whereas dealing with sufferers or offering care to an sick relative
It is rather vital to report back to the closest well being facility instantly, in case you expertise any of the indicators or signs listed above. In case you discover any member(s) of your loved ones or neighbourhood with any of the listed indicators or signs, kindly encourage them to report back to the closest well being facility. Early presentation to a well being facility and remedy will increase possibilities of survival.
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